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雅思写作:购物与金钱话题经常使用的英文短语和句型(1)

来源: 英语作文网 时间: 2017-07-26 阅读:

 在雅思写作中,讨论购物与金钱话题时有哪些会频繁使用的短语&句型呢?分享一些不错的表达,请结合例句来记忆,将它们灵活且正确地运用在你的雅思作文中。
  disposable income
  可支配收入
  例句
  Since they don't have any children and their rent is very cheap, they've a lot of disposable income.
  由于他们没有孩子而且房租也非常便宜,所以他们手头可支配的收入相当宽裕。
  常用的联想短语或句型
  >> conspicuous consumption
  =buying expensive things to show people how rich someone is
  大手大脚的消费
  例句
  Many people believe that conspicuous consumption is an antisocial behaviour.
  很多人认为大手大脚的消费是一种对社会有害的行为。
  >> levy a tax on...
  = officially request payment of a tax
  (政府)对......征税
  例句
  A new tax has been levied an cigarettes.
  政府开始征收一项新的香烟税。
  be economical
  经济实用的,节省开支的
  例句
  A small family car is more economical than a large car.
  一辆小的家用汽车比大型汽车要经济些。
  常见的近义短语或句型
  >> be cost-effective
  =be economical in terms of the services received for the money spent
  物有所值的
  例句
  We need a cost-effective solution to the problem.
  我们需要找出一个能解决这个问题的高性价比解决方案。
  >> be penny-wise and pound-foolish
  = be extremely careful about small amounts of money but not careful enough about larger amounts
  贪图小利吃大亏
  例句
  These education budget cuts are really penny-wise and pound-foolish.
  这份削减教育预算的决议实在是贪小便宜吃大亏。
  a source of income
  收入来源
  例句
  Edward does not have any other source of income apart from his job
  除了他的工作,爱德华没有其他的收入来源了。
  常用联想短语或句型
  >> scrimp and save to do sth.
  =spend very little money because you want to save it to buy sth. expensive
  (为了将来进行某种很高的消费而) 省吃俭用
  例句
  They had to scrimp and save to pay for the holiday.
  他们为了假期省吃俭用。
  >> belong to sb.
  = be owned by sb.
  属于某人的财物
  例句
  If you take things belonging to the company without permission, you will face disciplinary action.
  如果你未经许可拿走公司财物。
  make ends meet
  勉强保持收支平衡
  例句
  My wages were so low I had to take a side job just to make ends meet.
  我的工资实在是太低了,我还得千另外一份兼职才能勉强保持收支平衡。
  常用联想短语或句型
  >> be broke
  = be completely without money
  身无分文(请注意这个意思不能说成be broken)
  例句
  I'm always broke by the end of the month.
  我每个月都是月光族。
  >> abject poverty
  = extreme poverty
  极端的贫困
  例句
  Over a billion people are still living in abject poverty and each year, over six million children die as a result of malnutrition.
  有超过10亿的人还生活在极端的贫困之中,而且每年有600万的儿童死于营养不良。
  the cost of living
  生活开支
  例句
  If you are a student planning on moving to London, one important consideration will be the cost of living there.
  如果你是一名正准备搬到伦敦的学生,那么你必须要考虑好生活成本的问题。
  常用的联想短语或句型
  >> standard of living
  = the type of lice that a person or society has
  生活水平,生活标准
  例句
  Britain has a varied standard of living, from the very affordable to the really expensive.
  从极易达到的到非常昂贵的,英国有着多样化的生活标准。
  >> receipt
  = a document that you get from someone showing that you have given them money
  收据
  例句
  If you return wanted shoes straightaway , with a receipt,the shop will probably give you a refund.
  如果你退回不想购买的鞋并附有收据,商店很可能会给你退款。
  cost sb. a fortune
  让某人花了很多钱
  例句
  A tank of petrol can cost you a fortune these days.
  加满一箱汽油要花费你一笔不菲的钱。
  常见近义短语或句型
  >> The bill for...is exorbitant.
  = being very expensive
  某物过于昂贵
  例句
  The bill for dinner in that restaurant is exorbitant.
  那家餐馆的餐费实在是太昂贵了。
  >> prohibitively high prices
  = prices that are so high they prevent people from buying sth.
  过于高昂的价格
  例句
  Apart from the prohibitively high medicine prices, the cost of maintaining medical equipment is rising as well.
  除了过于高昂的医疗费用,对医疗器械的维护费用也同样上涨了。
  常见反义短语或句型
  >> be free of charge
  = cost nothing
  完全免费的
  例句
  You can buy two and pay for just one一the other is free of charge.
  这件商品是买一送一的,赠品完全免费。
  >> make a fortune
  = earn a very large amount of money
  发财
  例句
  Even if you don't make a fortune from this herb, there are few sights more attractive than a field of purple coneflowers.
  即使你不靠这些草药发财,也很少会有比一望无际的紫色金花菊更吸引人的美景了。
  the haves and the have-nots
  有钱人与穷人的总称
  例句
  Unfortunately, the gap between the haves and the have-nots has been widening.
  不幸的是,贫富之间的鸿沟正在不断加宽。
  常用联想短语或句型
  >> accumulate wealth
  = collect a large amount of money over a long period of time
  聚积财富
  例句
  Benjamin accumulated much of his wealth through real estate investment.
  本杰明通过投资房地产积累了很多财富。
  a status symbol
  身份与地位的标志
  例句
  Green cars are considered status symbols these days.
  环保汽车如今被看做是身份的象征。
  常用联想短语或句型
  >> luxury goods
  goods for which demand increases more than proportionally as income rises
  奢侈品
  例句
  Expensive clothes and accessories are considered luxury goods.
  昂贵的衣服和首饰被认为是奢侈品。
  


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